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The ESAIC is dedicated to supporting professionals in anaesthesiology and intensive care by serving as the hub for development and dissemination of valuable educational, scientific, research, and networking resources.



The ESAIC hosts the Euroanaesthesia and Focus Meeting congresses that serve as platforms for cutting-edge science and innovation in the field. These events bring together experts, foster networking, and facilitate knowledge exchange in anaesthesiology, intensive care, pain management, and perioperative medicine. Euroanaesthesia is one of the world’s largest and most influential scientific congresses for anaesthesia professionals. Held annually throughout Europe, our congress is a contemporary event geared towards education, knowledge exchange and innovation in anaesthesia, intensive care, pain and perioperative medicine, as well as a platform for immense international visibility for scientific research.


Professional Growth

The ESAIC's mission is to foster and provide exceptional training and educational opportunities. The ESAIC ensures the provision of robust and standardised examination and certification systems to support the professional development of anaesthesiologists and to ensure outstanding future doctors in the field of anaesthesiology and intensive care.



The ESAIC aims to advance patient outcomes and contribute to the progress of anaesthesiology and intensive care evidence-based practice through research. The ESAIC Clinical Trial Network (CTN), the Academic Contract Research Organisation (A-CRO), the Research Groups and Grants all contribute to the knowledge and clinical advances in the peri-operative setting.

Learn more about the ESAIC Clinical Trial Network (CTN) and the associated studies.


EU Projects

The ESAIC is actively involved as a consortium member in numerous EU funded projects. Together with healthcare leaders and practitioners, the ESAIC's involvement as an EU project partner is another way that it is improving patient outcomes and ensuring the best care for every patient.


Patient Safety

The ESAIC aims to promote the professional role of anaesthesiologists and intensive care physicians and enhance perioperative patient outcomes by focusing on quality of care and patient safety strategies. The Society is committed to implementing the Helsinki Declaration and leading patient safety projects.



To ESAIC is committed to implementing the Glasgow Declaration and drive initiatives towards greater environmental sustainability across anaesthesiology and intensive care in Europe.



The ESAIC works in collaboration with industry, national societies, and specialist societies to promote advancements in anaesthesia and intensive care. The Industry Partnership offers visibility and engagement opportunities for industry participants with ESAIC members, facilitating understanding of specific needs in anaesthesiology and in intensive care. This partnership provides resources for education and avenues for collaborative projects enhancing science, education, and patient safety. The Specialist Societies contribute to high-quality educational opportunities for European anaesthesiologists and intensivists, fostering discussion and sharing, while the National Societies, through NASC, maintain standards, promote events and courses, and facilitate connections. All partnerships collectively drive dialogue, learning, and growth in the anaesthesiology and intensive care sector.



Guidelines play a crucial role in delivering evidence-based recommendations to healthcare professionals. Within the fields of anaesthesia and intensive care, guidelines are instrumental in standardizing clinical practices and enhancing patient outcomes. For many years, the ESAIC has served as a pivotal platform for facilitating continuous advancements, improving care standards and harmonising clinical management practices across Europe.



With over 40 years of publication history, the EJA (European Journal of Anaesthesiology) has established itself as a highly respected and influential journal in its field. It covers a wide range of topics related to anaesthesiology and intensive care medicine, including perioperative medicine, pain management, critical care, resuscitation, and patient safety.



Becoming a member of ESAIC implies becoming a part of a vibrant community of nearly 8,000 professionals who exchange best practices and stay updated on the latest developments in anaesthesiology, intensive care and perioperative medicine. ESAIC membership equips you with the tools and resources necessary to enhance your daily professional routine, nurture your career growth, and play an active role in advancing anaesthesiology, intensive care and perioperative medicine.

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Women in Anaesthesia: Is the future bright?

Dr. Rupa Bai Furdoonji stands as a pioneering figure in the field of anaesthesiology, being the first female anaesthesiologist to specialize in Chloroform anaesthesia back in 1891. As we commemorate International Women’s Day on March 8th, it’s heartening to witness a growing presence of female anaesthesiologists in the operating room. We engage the future with optimism as women’s contribution to anesthesia increases and expands to leadership positions and roles that were unthinkable before.

Unfortunately, there are still significant barriers to the professional development of many talented women. We recently surveyed anesthesiologists across Europe and found that impostor syndrome was more prevalent among women in anesthesia (Gisselbaek et al. 2023). “Impostor Syndrome” is characterized by the struggle to internalize one’s achievements and the tendency to attribute success to external factors like luck or chance encounters, particularly affecting accomplished women (Clance & Imes, 1978). Recently, concerns about impostor syndrome (IS) have emerged within the medical field, where the demanding culture, pursuit of perfection, and inclination toward self-blame can exacerbate these feelings. Factors such as female gender, low self-esteem, and the prevailing institutional atmosphere contribute to the development of impostor syndrome among physicians and those in training, leading to heightened rates of burnout (Gottlieb et al., 2020).

To explore impostor syndrome in anaesthesiologists, we conducted a survey endorsed by the European Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care (ESAIC) (Gisselbaek et al., 2023). This survey used the Clance Impostor Phenomenon Scale(CIPS) to assess the severity of impostor syndrome among participants. A cohort of 687 anaesthesiologists completed the study. The point prevalence of impostor syndrome among anaesthesiologists was as high as 58% and it highlighted a pronounced vulnerability among female-identifying anaesthesiologists, with a notable odds ratio of 2.45 (p<0.0001), signaling a heightened susceptibility to impostor syndrome within this demographic (Figure 1). Such insights not only shed light on the pervasive nature of impostor syndrome within the field but also underscore the imperative for tailored support mechanisms to empower female anaesthesiologists in navigating and overcoming this psychological hurdle.

Figure 1: Gender differences in impostor syndrome prevalence among anaesthesiologists (Female Gender is linked to frequent and intense IS (P<0.05))
*Reprinted from Gisselbaek et al. Impostor syndrome in anaesthesiology primarily affects female and junior physicians☆. Br J Anaesth (PMID: 37884406)

Moreover, female anaesthesiologists often report experiencing greater mistreatment and marginalization by surgeons compared to their male counterparts, which may amplify impostor syndrome issues. These personal biases stem from entrenched institutional norms and pervasive societal stereotypes, often perpetuating gender disparities(Tulshyan & Burey, 2021). Impostor syndrome is frequently invoked to rationalize the persistence of gender bias, yet it’s crucial to recognize that the obstacles to women’s progress are often deeply ingrained within systemic structures.

Enduring barriers within the medical culture, such as penalties for parenthood, non-promotable work burdens, mistreatment, and stereotypical leadership promotion, hinder women’s access to leadership and academic roles(Gisselbaek, Barreto Chang, et al., 2023). Women in anaesthesiology also experience a lack of sponsorship, mentorship, and struggle to find role models. As Marian Wright Edelman said: ‘You can’t be what you can’t see’; pointing to the lack of role modeling as a barrier to cultivating specialty interest.

For women, it is often a challenge to find supportive mentorship, which is key to fulfilling career goals. The timeline of these career goals is often different than that of male colleagues. Effective mentorship could help women navigate challenges beyond the medical field, combining the struggle of family versus career goals. Women are stronger together and the establishment of female-to-female “spentorship” (sponsor and mentorship) may be one solution to solving some of these issues. Various initiatives have been undertaken to address barriers, including the establishment of communities like #ThisGirlBlocks in regional anaesthesia, aimed at supporting and empowering women in the field through honest conversations and shared experiences. On a societal level, the implementation of gender equity policies, such as those enacted by ESAIC, plays a crucial role.

Personalized professional development strategies and improvements in promotion practices are essential to uplift women in the field of anaesthesiology. While achieving gender parity in all anaesthesiology fields requires ongoing efforts, March 8th serves as a day for women and allies to celebrate and take pride in the progress made thus far.

Yes, the future is bright for women in anesthesia. Let’s embrace equity, promote inclusion, and celebrate the diversity that women bring into anaesthesiology.


  1. Gisselbaek, M., Hontoir, S., Pesonen, A. E., Seidel, L., Geniets, B., Steen, E., Barreto Chang, O. L., & Saxena, S. (2023). Impostor syndrome in anaesthesiology primarily affects female and junior physicians☆. British Journal of Anaesthesia, S0007-0912(23)00544-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bja.2023.09.025
  2. Clance, P. R., & Imes, S. A. (1978). The imposter phenomenon in high achieving women: Dynamics and therapeutic intervention. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 15(3), 241–247. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0086006
  3. Gottlieb, M., Chung, A., Battaglioli, N., Sebok-Syer, S. S., & Kalantari, A. (2020). Impostor syndrome among physicians and physicians in training: A scoping review. Medical Education, 54(2), 116–124. https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.13956
  4. Tulshyan, R., & Burey, J.-A. (2021, February 11). Stop Telling Women They Have Imposter Syndrome. Harvard Business Review. https://hbr.org/2021/02/stop-telling-women-they-have-imposter-syndrome
  5. Gisselbaek, M., Barreto Chang, O., & Saxena, S. (2023). Gender equity in anesthesia: Is it time to rock the boat? BMC Anesthesiology, 23(1), 67. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12871-023-01987-4


Sarah Saxena (Corresponding Author), Mia Gisselbaek, Becki Marsh, Odmara L. Barreto Chang, Joana Berger-Estillita

Department of Anaesthesiology-Critical Care, Az Sint-Jan Brugge-Oostende AV, Bruges, Belgium